2005 The Whitest Law School Report
and Other Law School Rankings Related
to Racial/Ethnic Diversity in Law School
Professor Vernellia R. Randall

Chapter 6: The Whitest State Law Schools
Chapter 6: The Whitest State Law Schools Based on State L.S.A.C. Applications

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(Based on 2004 ABA/LSAC Information)

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Pages

Ranking
Alphabetical


   
   
 

The Ten Whitest Law Schools
with the Most Excess Whiteness
based on State LSAC Applications

 

Rank

School

           

Excess State Whiteness Percentage

1

Pepperdine University   (California)

61.7

2

Thomas Jefferson School of Law   (California)

59.9

3

University of the Pacific (McGeorge)  (California)

55.5

4

California Western School of Law

53.1

5

ChapmanUniversity  (California)

48.6

6

Baylor University (Texas)

45.8

7

Texas Tech University

42.4

8

University of San Francisco  (California)

42.0

9

Florida Coastal School of Law

40.2

10

University of San Diego

39.8

 

Every state except Alaska has at least one law school.  Fourteen states have one law school and 11 states have two law schools.

Excess State Whiteness is the percentage of whites in a school that exceed the availability of the percentage of whites in the state application pool.  The excess whiteness percentage for the state is calculated by subtracting the state whiteness from a school’s total whiteness, dividing the difference by the whiteness in state LSAC applications, and then multiplying the total by 100.

Of the 177 schools with three or more schools,  Pennsylvania had the school with lowest excess state whiteness (University of Pennsylvania, -14%) while California had the school with the highest excess state whiteness (Pepperdine, 61 %). Half of the states’ law schools exceeded the whiteness in state applications by 12.5%. Pennsylvania had the lowest median (-0.1) while California had the highest (32.5%). The excess state whiteness averaged 14.7% in states with three or more schools;, Minnesota had the lowest mean (-1.0) while California had the highest (34.0).  The difference in mean is statistically significant (p=.000); there is less than 0% chance that the difference occurred by chance alone.

Region. Of the 177 HWLS, the average (mean) difference between the schools’ whiteness and the whiteness in the states’ LSAC applications was 14.7%.  The Mountain West had the lowest mean (2.5) while the Pacific West had the highest (28.3%).  Half of the schools (median) are above 12% more white than the available applications in the states.  The New England region had the lowest median (.1 %), with half of the schools having excess state whiteness below .1%. The Southeast region had the highest excess state whiteness (27.8%).

The school with the lowest excess state whiteness from the Mountain West Region was the University of New Mexico (-18.60) while the school from the Southeast Region with the highest was Samford University, Cumberland (66.5%).  Excess whiteness percentage varied significantly within regions.  In the Southeast region, St. Thomas had a negative excess whiteness (-3.9), making the total range 70.4 percentage points.  The regional difference in excess state whiteness percentage is statistically significant (p=.000); the probability that the difference occurred by chance alone is less than .0%.

US NEWS Tiers. In excess whiteness based on state LSAC applications, 1st tier law schools had the lowest mean (10.9) while 4th tier law schools had the highest (17.2%).  In the 1st tier, half of the law schools had excess whiteness less than 9% of their state’s LSAC applications; in 3r d tier schools, half of the law schools had excess state LSAC applications below 15%.  Of the 1st Tier Schools, Baylor University had 45.8% more whiteness than the LSAC applications from Texas. Of the 3rd tier HWLS, University of the Pacific, McGeorge had the most excess whiteness percentage (55.5%) 

The excess whiteness percentage based on state LSAC applications among US NEWS tiers is significant (p=.27); the probability that the difference occurred by chance alone is less than 27%.

Private-Public Law School Status.  Public schools had more excess whiteness based on state LSAC applications than private schools.  The mean for private schools was 16.6 while the mean for public schools was 11.9.  However, the median for public schools (8.4%) was lower than for private schools (16.0).  The difference was statistically significant (p=.04); the probability that the difference occurred by chance alone is 4%


 

 

         

 Number of Schools in States

State

Number

Percent

No Law School

1

2

1 to 2 Law Schools

25

50

3 to 5 Law Schools

14

28

6 to 9 Law Schools

8

16

>= 10 Law Schools

2

4

 

Basic Descriptive Statistics
Excess Whiteness Percentage, State LSAC Applications

State

 Minimum

 Maximum

 Median

 Mean

 N

 Alabama

 21.5

 25.9

 

 

 2

 Arizona

 -4.9

 -4.5

 

 

 2

 Arkansas

 0.2

 8.4

 

 

 2

 California

 13.2

 61.7

 32.5

 34.9

 19

 Colorada

 -4.4

 2.9

 

 

 2

 Connecticut

 -12.1

 21.0

 7.2

 5.4

 3

 Delaware

 

 32.3

 

 

 1

 District of Columbia

 9.7

 27.8

 12.3

 15.6

 4

 Florida

 -6.1

 40.2

 32.4

 25.5

 8

 Georgia

 22.9

 36.7

 28.5

 29.1

 4

 Idaho

 

 6.0

 

 

 1

 Illinois

 -3.9

 29.7

 14.3

 10.3

 9

 Indiana

 -0.7

 11.9

 4.3

 5.0

 4

 Iowa

 -6.3

 0.2

 

 

 2

 Kansas

 -3.7

 2.1

 

 

 2

 Kentucky

 3.1

 4.2

 3.7

 3.7

 3

 Louisana

 16.3

 33.7

 22.2

 24.0

 3

 Maine

 

 0.2

 

 

 1

 Maryland

 31.3

 39.6

 

 

 2

 Massachusetts

 -9.7

 16.0

 -0.1

 3.0

 7

 Michigan

 -6.1

 21.4

 11.9

 9.8

 6

 Minnesota

 -6.3

 2.6

 0.9

 -1.0

 3

 Mississippi

 27.8

 28.6

 

 

 2

 Missouri

 -3.6

 11.5

 9.9

 6.9

 4

 Montana

 

 8.2

 

 

 1

 Nebraska

 1.0

 2.0

 

 

 2

 Nevada

 

 10.5

 

 

 1

 New Hampshire

 

 -4.9

 

 

 1

 New Jersey

 -2.6

 26.9

 18.0

 14.1

 3

 New Mexico

 

 11.0

 

 

 1

 New York

 -12.4

 29.2

 18.1

 16.4

 15

 North Carolina

 9.6

 36.7

 19.9

 21.5

 4

 North Dakota

 

 -5.4

 

 

 1

 Ohio

 -0.9

 13.5

 10.5

 7.9

 9

 Oklahoma

 8.1

 15.5

 12.5

 12.0

 3

 Oregon

 -1.1

 7.9

 4.8

 3.8

 3

 Pennsylvania

 -14.0

 15.4

 3.4

 2.3

 6

 Rhode Island

 

 6.8

 

 

 1

 South Carolina

 

 20.9

 

 

 1

 South Dakota

 

 2.7

 

 

 1

 Tennessee

 -2.5

 15.5

 14.4

 9.1

 3

 Texas

 9.5

 45.8

 31.0

 30.9

 8

 Utah

 0.9

 3.6

 

 

 2

 Vermont

 

 -3.1

 

 

 1

 Virginia

 18.0

 32.4

 22.5

 24.4

 7

 Washington

 7.0

 16.8

 8.5

 10.8

 3

 West Virginia

 

 2.2

 

 

 1

 Wisconsin

 -11.8

 10.3

 

 

 2

 Wyoming

 

 -1.2

 

 

 1

 Total

 -14.0

 61.7

 12.5

 14.7

 177

 

 Sum of Squares

 df

 Mean Square

 F

 Sig.

 

  ANOVA

 25385.686

 48

 528.868

 4.527

 .000

 

                       
 

Basic Descriptive Statistics
Excess Whiteness Percentage, State LSAC Applications
by  Region

 

Region

 Minimum

 Maximum

 Median

 Mean

 N

 

 Great Lakes

 -11.8

 29.7

 7.3

 7.2

 33.0

 

 Midsouth

 -2.5

 39.6

 18.0

 18.5

 25.0

 

 Midwest

 -6.3

 11.5

 1.5

 1.7

 12.0

 

 Mountain West

 -4.9

 11.0

 2.9

 2.5

 11.0

 

 New England

 -12.1

 21.0

 0.1

 2.6

 14.0

 

 Northeast

 -14.0

 29.2

 17.1

 12.6

 24.0

 

 Pacific West

 -1.1

 61.7

 25.3

 28.3

 25.0

 

 South Central

 0.2

 45.8

 23.3

 22.8

 16.0

 

 Southeast

 -6.1

 40.2

 27.8

 26.2

 17.0

 

 Total

 -14.0

 61.7

 12.5

 14.7

 177.0

 

 

 Sum of Squares

 df

 Mean Square

 F

 Sig.

  ANOVA

 15913.027

 8

 1989.128

 13.682

 .000

 

 

Excess Whiteness
Basic Descriptive Statistics
State LSAC Applications * US News Tier

US News Tier

 Minimum

 Maximum

 Median

 Mean

 N

 1st Tier

 -14.0

 45.8

 9.1

 10.9

 52.0

 2nd Tier

 -4.9

 61.7

 14.4

 15.8

 51.0

 3rd Tier

 -4.9

 55.5

 15.2

 15.5

 28.0

 4th Tier

 -12.4

 59.9

 12.5

 17.2

 41.0

 No US News Rank

 -6.1

 35.0

 21.4

 19.2

 5.0

 Total

 -14.0

 61.7

 12.5

 14.7

 177.0

 

 Sum of Squares

 df

 Mean Square

 F

 Sig.

 

 

 1191.515

 4

 297.879

 1.309

 .27

 

                       
 

 

 The School in Each Tier that had the highest Excess Whiteness
based on LSAC State Applications

Tier

Rank

School

State

 

Excess State Whiteness Percentage

1st Tier

6

Baylor University

Texas

South Central

45.8

2nd Tier

1

Pepperdine University

California

Pacific West

61.7

3rd Tier

3

University of the Pacific (McGeorge)

California

Pacific West

55.5

4th Tier

2

Thomas Jefferson School of Law

California

Pacific West

59.9

No US News Rank

18

Barry University

Florida

Southeast

35.0

 

Excess Whiteness Percentage,
State LSAC Applications * Status (Private-Public)

 

 Minimum

 Maximum

 Median

 Mean

 N

 Private School

 -14.0

 61.7

 16.0

 16.6

 105

 Public School

 -12.4

 42.4

 8.4

 11.9

 72

 

 Sum of Squares

 df

 Mean Square

 F

 Sig.

 

 

 967.457

 1

 967.457

 4.300

 .040

 

                       
 
 
 

 

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Chapters

TWLS
2005 TWLS
01: Introduction
02: LSAT
03: Top Ten
04: National
05: Regional
06: State
07: Isolation
08: The Law Schools


 

 

 


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Last Date Website Updated:
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Vernellia Randall.  All Rights Reserved

 

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Professor Vernellia R. Randall
The University of Dayton School of Law
300 College Park
Dayton, OH 45469-2772

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