How Memorylifter works
NOTE TO AEP STUDENTS:
After you have completed reading this assignment complete the form at
NOTE FROM PROFESSOR RANDALL:
We highly recommend the use of memorylifter. It is the single most
effective tool you can use for memorization and you must memorize the
rules, terms and standards. While your grade will be mostly based on
your analysis. You must know the law to be able to do analysis. Start
your memorization process with the first reading assignment and keep
it up through out the semester.
Our brains get bombarded with information provided by our
senses. We are presented with too much to store and encode. The brain has
developed sophisticated algorithms for throwing away information. The
brain has developed algorithms for encoding information into Long Term
memory if it is important. We can use these methods of moving information
from Sensory memory into Working memory and encoding it into Long Term
memory for easy recall later. MemoryLifter is designed to lift things into
the Long Term memory through controlled repetition and spacing.
MemoryLifter is a scientific memorization tool.
MemoryLifter is easy to use. MemoryLifter is free for personal use.
MemoryLifter is fun as learning is fun. We know you will find it useful if
you use it. We hope that you will send use your suggestions and comments
as we want to continue to improve MemoryLifter to make it more useful.
Comments and suggestions should be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org.
MemoryLifter is a software program for learning based upon
scientifically derived techniques. It is based upon the work of Ebbinghaus
and Leitner as well as others. It has been in existence since the early
days of personal computing. * * *
Leitners Cardbox and MemoryLifter have several natural
Immediate Feedback Responses are checked at once
so the user knows immediately if the answer is right or wrong. This
removes the problems in encoding when results are not known for some
time such as with graded tests.
The Cardbox System is Incorruptible Self deception
is minimized since the program classifies the flashcards according to
the users responses. Of course the responses can be rigged so that the
system is defeated but even in doing that you will learn in spite of
Visible Progress Progress is shown by the
flashcard positions themselves so it is readily apparent.
Learn What You Want, When You Want Since each
section represents a degree of mastery, you can reorient your learning
process according to your priorities.
No Peer Pressure Image problems often creep into
the learning experience. Comparing your learning experience to others
or to some imagined standard can often make learning more difficult. A
MemoryLifter user progresses at their own pace being able to
concentrate only on the learning experience with out competitive
Various Mnemonic Techniques Supported MemoryLifter
supports various multimedia on each card which gives support for
almost any type of mnemonic approach you want to use.
MemoryLifter uses the concept of flash cards with the box
system to support your vocabulary learning needs. Below is a quick
overview of the concepts.
'Traditional' educational flash cards are made of
cardboard and are used for verbatim memorization/learning of facts,
information, or vocabularies. The flash card typically contains a short,
direct question with a short, definite answer. The question is displayed
on the front of the card, and the answer on the back.
The cards in MemoryLifter are patterned after the learning
flash card where the question and answer is stored on the front and back
of the card. However, MemoryLifter allows additional data which can be
example sentences, sounds, video and/or an image to enhance the learning
The Box System
The box system (also called "Leitner system")
was originally conceived by German psychologist Sebastian Leitner in the
1960s. Its purpose is to provide a structure for people to learn and
retain vocabularies in short-term and long-term memory.
The box system is comprised of a set of boxes (10 in the
case of MemoryLifter), each containing a certain number of flashcards.
This amount rises proportionally with the box's number. Also, the higher
the box number, the nearer are the respective cards in the long-term
Thus, at any time the quantity of flash cards inside each
box level provides a quick feedback of the current state of the user's
knowledge, and the memory retention (short-term and/or long-term).
MemoryLifter's box System Algorithm
MemoryLifter is based upon the algorithm as developed and
tested by Sebastian Leitner a German psychologist. This algorithm is
documented in Leitners work - "So lernt man lernen. This monograph
seems to only be available in German but is worth reading if you can find
it. It documents Leitners use of his cardbox or cardfile system.
Leitners cardbox works on just a few principles. All cards
are asked from a box. The box is divided into ever larger partitions. When
a card is presented for review the card is either promoted to the next
section if known or demoted to the first section if it is not known or can
not be recalled.
Thus, each box section represents a level of proficiency.
This allows you to set your own priorities, investing more time into the
'lowest' boxes (which contain the most difficult question cards for you).
With some effort on your part, each flashcard climbs to the last box
section in time. MemoryLifter ensures that each card is learned in the
time that your brain is ready for the encoding to take place.
Below is a step-by-step alogorithm implemented in
MemoryLifter to present and track the information for learning.
Initially, all cards are derived from the Pool, which
contains all cards available.
Check whether any of the boxes are full. If so, ask
for a card from that box. If none of the boxes are full, place a new
card from the pool in the first box and ask it.
If the card is answered correctly, promote it to the
next box; otherwise, demote it to box
When placing a card in a box, put it at the end. When
asking a card from the box, ask in the order it was placed in the box
(first in - first out principle).
Continue with step 2 - 4 until done.
The original Leitner algorithm works quite well in
assisting memorization of vocabularies and other longer lists. It does
have some difficulties at shorter length lists. MemoryLifters algorithm
has been modified over the last few years to increase the effectiveness on
short lists such as the names of the United States and their Capitals.
MemoryLifter offers many advanced and easy-to-use features
that can improve your memory, enhance your learning experience, or just
make it more fun.
Flash Cards. Conceptually facts are learned as if
they were being presented on 'flash cards' with one question and one
answer on each card. These cards are then sorted and distributed to
different 'boxes' that represent learning progress.
Box System. This learning method helps you to
focus on more difficult words, while still retaining words you know
and asking them from time to time. Plus, the distribution of the
flashcards inside the boxes give you an idea of progress in learning.
Synonyms. MemoryLifter offers various options to
treat synonyms of a word in an easy, intuitive way.
Sample sentences. A sample sentence can be
provided for each word, showing you a possible use of the word in real
Audio and video. Both audio and video can be
associated with each flash card, giving a better idea how to pronounce
words. You can even add audio yourself using the built-in, easy-to-use
Images. Connect an image to a card for a more
visual learning experience. Most common image formats are supported,
even animations (using the .GIF format) are possible!
Learning modes. There are multiple learning modes
to choose from, including standard text input, multiple choice,
listening comprehension and self assessment. If desired, these can be
Statistics present useful feedback on your
learning progress over time.
Chapters help you to logically sort the cards in
the dictionary, so you can in turn focus on learning a small part of
the whole dictionary.
Adding cards has never been as easy as with
MemoryLifter. Either enter them by hand, or use the collect
feature to collect words while you are reading an electronic
document, such as a webpage.
Powerful import and export features. Both import
and export functions support a multitude of (text-based) formats, such
as HTML, RTF or a simple comma delimited text file. They can be
customized to suit your needs.
Printing. If you need to print a list of
vocabulary, just specify the chapters you want to print, the number of
columns and the font size, as well as some other options, and it's
done. Optionally, you can export words and print them using a word
The learning planner can tell you when to stop
learning, putting the program in the task tray, where it sleeps for a
random amount of time before asking you a few questions.
Automatic Improvement with MemoryLifter
Consistent Periodic use of the MemoryLifter will make an
almost automatic improvement in your ability to memorize things. While
every one is different our research has indicated a 20 minute a day time
period repeated at roughly the same time every day will make such great
improvements in your ability to memorize large vocabularies and such that
you will adopt MemoryLifter as a permanent learning tool.
Use it daily,
regularly and you will learn.