This website is no longer being maintained at this location.
As of March 6, 2007 it moved to:
This site will continue to exist here till December 30, 2007.
If you are linked to this site please establish a link with the new site.


For information about the University of Dayton's Academic Support Program
contact Dean Lori Shaw.


For information about Professor Randall's Academic Support Services for Minority Students
go to The JD Project, Inc.



How Memorylifter works

After you have completed reading this assignment complete the form at the bottom.

NOTE FROM PROFESSOR RANDALL: We highly recommend the use of memorylifter. It is the single most effective tool you can use for memorization and you must memorize the rules, terms and standards. While your grade will be mostly based on your analysis. You must know the law to be able to do analysis. Start your memorization process with the first reading assignment and keep it up through out the semester.

Our brains get bombarded with information provided by our senses. We are presented with too much to store and encode. The brain has developed sophisticated algorithms for throwing away information. The brain has developed algorithms for encoding information into Long Term memory if it is important. We can use these methods of moving information from Sensory memory into Working memory and encoding it into Long Term memory for easy recall later. MemoryLifter is designed to lift things into the Long Term memory through controlled repetition and spacing.

MemoryLifter is a scientific memorization tool. MemoryLifter is easy to use. MemoryLifter is free for personal use. MemoryLifter is fun as learning is fun. We know you will find it useful if you use it. We hope that you will send use your suggestions and comments as we want to continue to improve MemoryLifter to make it more useful. Comments and suggestions should be sent to

MemoryLifter is a software program for learning based upon scientifically derived techniques. It is based upon the work of Ebbinghaus and Leitner as well as others. It has been in existence since the early days of personal computing. * * *

Leitners Cardbox and MemoryLifter have several natural advantages

Immediate Feedback Responses are checked at once so the user knows immediately if the answer is right or wrong. This removes the problems in encoding when results are not known for some time such as with graded tests.

The Cardbox System is Incorruptible Self deception is minimized since the program classifies the flashcards according to the users responses. Of course the responses can be rigged so that the system is defeated but even in doing that you will learn in spite of yourself.

Visible Progress Progress is shown by the flashcard positions themselves so it is readily apparent.

Learn What You Want, When You Want Since each section represents a degree of mastery, you can reorient your learning process according to your priorities.

No Peer Pressure Image problems often creep into the learning experience. Comparing your learning experience to others or to some imagined standard can often make learning more difficult. A MemoryLifter user progresses at their own pace being able to concentrate only on the learning experience with out competitive pressures.

Various Mnemonic Techniques Supported MemoryLifter supports various multimedia on each card which gives support for almost any type of mnemonic approach you want to use.

MemoryLifter uses the concept of flash cards with the box system to support your vocabulary learning needs. Below is a quick overview of the concepts.


'Traditional' educational flash cards are made of cardboard and are used for verbatim memorization/learning of facts, information, or vocabularies. The flash card typically contains a short, direct question with a short, definite answer. The question is displayed on the front of the card, and the answer on the back.

The cards in MemoryLifter are patterned after the learning flash card where the question and answer is stored on the front and back of the card. However, MemoryLifter allows additional data which can be example sentences, sounds, video and/or an image to enhance the learning experience.

The Box System

The box system (also called "Leitner system") was originally conceived by German psychologist Sebastian Leitner in the 1960s. Its purpose is to provide a structure for people to learn and retain vocabularies in short-term and long-term memory.

The box system is comprised of a set of boxes (10 in the case of MemoryLifter), each containing a certain number of flashcards. This amount rises proportionally with the box's number. Also, the higher the box number, the nearer are the respective cards in the long-term memory.

Thus, at any time the quantity of flash cards inside each box level provides a quick feedback of the current state of the user's knowledge, and the memory retention (short-term and/or long-term).

MemoryLifter's box System Algorithm

MemoryLifter is based upon the algorithm as developed and tested by Sebastian Leitner a German psychologist. This algorithm is documented in Leitners work - "So lernt man lernen. This monograph seems to only be available in German but is worth reading if you can find it. It documents Leitners use of his cardbox or cardfile system.

Leitners cardbox works on just a few principles. All cards are asked from a box. The box is divided into ever larger partitions. When a card is presented for review the card is either promoted to the next section if known or demoted to the first section if it is not known or can not be recalled.

Thus, each box section represents a level of proficiency. This allows you to set your own priorities, investing more time into the 'lowest' boxes (which contain the most difficult question cards for you). With some effort on your part, each flashcard climbs to the last box section in time. MemoryLifter ensures that each card is learned in the time that your brain is ready for the encoding to take place.

Below is a step-by-step alogorithm implemented in MemoryLifter to present and track the information for learning.

Initially, all cards are derived from the Pool, which contains all cards available.

Check whether any of the boxes are full. If so, ask for a card from that box. If none of the boxes are full, place a new card from the pool in the first box and ask it.

If the card is answered correctly, promote it to the next box; otherwise, demote it to box

When placing a card in a box, put it at the end. When asking a card from the box, ask in the order it was placed in the box (first in - first out principle).

Continue with step 2 - 4 until done.

The original Leitner algorithm works quite well in assisting memorization of vocabularies and other longer lists. It does have some difficulties at shorter length lists. MemoryLifters algorithm has been modified over the last few years to increase the effectiveness on short lists such as the names of the United States and their Capitals.

MemoryLifter offers many advanced and easy-to-use features that can improve your memory, enhance your learning experience, or just make it more fun.

Flash Cards. Conceptually facts are learned as if they were being presented on 'flash cards' with one question and one answer on each card. These cards are then sorted and distributed to different 'boxes' that represent learning progress.

Box System. This learning method helps you to focus on more difficult words, while still retaining words you know and asking them from time to time. Plus, the distribution of the flashcards inside the boxes give you an idea of progress in learning.

Synonyms. MemoryLifter offers various options to treat synonyms of a word in an easy, intuitive way.

Sample sentences. A sample sentence can be provided for each word, showing you a possible use of the word in real life.

Audio and video. Both audio and video can be associated with each flash card, giving a better idea how to pronounce words. You can even add audio yourself using the built-in, easy-to-use recording tools.

Images. Connect an image to a card for a more visual learning experience. Most common image formats are supported, even animations (using the .GIF format) are possible!

Learning modes. There are multiple learning modes to choose from, including standard text input, multiple choice, listening comprehension and self assessment. If desired, these can be randomized.

Statistics present useful feedback on your learning progress over time.

Chapters help you to logically sort the cards in the dictionary, so you can in turn focus on learning a small part of the whole dictionary.

Adding cards has never been as easy as with MemoryLifter. Either enter them by hand, or use the collect feature to collect words while you are reading an electronic document, such as a webpage.

Powerful import and export features. Both import and export functions support a multitude of (text-based) formats, such as HTML, RTF or a simple comma delimited text file. They can be customized to suit your needs.

Printing. If you need to print a list of vocabulary, just specify the chapters you want to print, the number of columns and the font size, as well as some other options, and it's done. Optionally, you can export words and print them using a word processor.

The learning planner can tell you when to stop learning, putting the program in the task tray, where it sleeps for a random amount of time before asking you a few questions.

Automatic Improvement with MemoryLifter

Consistent Periodic use of the MemoryLifter will make an almost automatic improvement in your ability to memorize things. While every one is different our research has indicated a 20 minute a day time period repeated at roughly the same time every day will make such great improvements in your ability to memorize large vocabularies and such that you will adopt MemoryLifter as a permanent learning tool.

Just use MemoryLifter. 

Use it daily, regularly and you will learn.

Last Name: First Name: Year:

Briefly What is the most significant point you learn from this article which will be most useful to you as a law student?






In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107, some material on this website is provided for comment, background information, research and/or educational purposes only, without permission from the copyright owner(s), under the "fair use" provisions of the federal copyright laws. These materials may not be distributed for other purposes without permission of the copyright owner(s).

 Copyright @ 1997,  2004
Vernellia Randall. All Rights Reserved