In any discussion on race relations it
is important that all of us know the meaning and definition of terms used.
Examine the definitions, so that you can understand the significance of
the words in your own lives.
All human beings belong to a single
species and share a common origin. They are born equal in dignity and
rights and all form an integral part of humanity. All peoples of the world
possess equal faculties for attaining the highest level in intellectual,
technical, social, economic, cultural and political development. The
differences between the achievements of the different people are entirely
attributable to geographical, historical, political, economic, social and
cultural factors. Such differences can in no case serve as a pretext for
any rank ordered classification of nations or peoples.
on Race and Racial Prejudice" adopted by the
General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and
Cultural Organisation, Article I
Is any action or attitude, conscious or
unconscious, that subordinates an individual or group based on skin colour
or race. It can be enacted individually or institutionally.
Source: US Civil Rights Commission
A system of procedures/patterns in all
walks of life, i.e. education, housing, businesses, employment,
professional associations, religion, media, etc., whose effect is to
perpetuate and maintain the power, influence and well-being of one group
over another. It originates in the operation of established and respected
forces in the society; and thus receives far less public condemnation than
does individual racism. Although more subtle than individual racism, it is
more destructive of humanity.
To treat differently a person or group
of people based on their racial origins. Power is a necessary
precondition, for it depends on the ability to give or withhold social
benefits, facilities, services, opportunities etc., from someone who
should be entitled to them, and are denied on the basis of race, colour or