|The actual number of men, women and children
who were snatched from their homes in Africa and transported
in slave ships across the Atlantic, either to the Caribbean
islands or to North and South America, will never be known.
Writers vary in their estimates, but there is no doubt that
their number runs into millions. The following figures are
taken from Morel's calculations as reproduced by Professor
Melville J. Herskovits and cover the period 1666-1800:
||Slaves imported only by the English for the
English, French and Spanish colonies:
million (250,000 died on the voyage).
||Slaves imported for the English colonies in
alone absorbed 610,000).
||Average annual number of slaves imported for
the American colonies: 70,000, with a total
of 3.5 million.
||Jamaica alone imported 71,115 slaves.
||Guadeloupe alone imported 40,000 slaves.
||A yearly average of 74,000 slaves were
imported for the American colonies, or a
total of 1,850,000;
this yearly average was divided up as
follows: by the English, 38,000; French,
20,000; Portuguese, 10,000; Dutch, 4,000;
The above paragraph and statistics are
excerpted from the following article by Jose Luciano
"The Slave Trade in the Caribbean
and Latin America." in The African Slave Trade from
the Fifteenth to the Nineteenth Century Reports and
papers of the meeting of experts organized by Unesco at
Port-au-Prince, Haiti, 31 January to 4 February 1978