Vernellia R. Randall
I am an Affirmative Action Baby! I am grateful to God that
I lived in a time when it existed. Because without Affirmative
Action I would not have been a college graduate from a
predominant white institution, a nurse, a lawyer or a law
professor. Without affirmative action I would not have been able
to give my kids the opportunities they had.
Daddy was an Affirmative Action Baby! hallelujah! In
1954, when the Supreme Court ruled on Brown v. Board of Education
, I was eight years old going to a segregated school in Texas. My
Dad, who had graduated from Jarvis Christian College, (a
historically Black college in 1949), was working as a laborer.
Jobs for college educated blacks were scarce. It wasn't until
1960 that my Dad got his first job using his college degree. It
was in Muleshoe, Texas. He taught in a two-room for black kids.
Then, in 1962 Daddy got his first "white job", he
worked for the federal government on a Native American
reservation and then in Job Corps.
I was an Affirmative Action Admit! Amen! I continued to
go to all Black schools. In 1966, I graduated from George
Washington Carver High School, an all black high school. I was
one of the first Blacks to attend Amarillo Junior College. In
1968, I transferred to the University of Texas at Austin. I
didn't have the highest grades or a high SAT. I graduated from an
"inferior" high school. Yet, I was admitted to
University of Texas to increase the number of Blacks attending
the school. In 1973, when I decided to attend graduate school in
Nursing, I was denied admission at the University of Washington.
I drove to Seattle and meet with the Dean. When I asked her how
many Blacks she had in the program and she said none.. . I
couldn't help but blurt out "then what's it going to cost to
take a chance on me." She did and I graduated. In 1984, I
was the only African American in my law school class. At each of
the schools, I had lower admission stats than the average white
student. However, I always out performed by "stats".
When I graduated from law school, I graduated 11th in the class
I was an Affirmative Action Employee! Thank you Jesus! Almost
every job I have had has been because of Affirmative Action. My
first job as an emergency room nurse. . . My job as a public
health nurse. . .as a state administrator for maternal-child
health. . . as a lawyer in a large defense firm in Oregon. . . .
and now as a law professor. Probably the only exception was my
job as a nurse practitioner for a poor, predominantly black
community in Seattle. I know that some people will think that I
have some advantage - being a "Double Minority" - that
is a woman and an African American. I have not found that to be
so. For instance, although I graduated 11th in my law school
class, had two master's degree, 13 years of work experience,
elected to the Cornelius Honor Society by the Law School faculty
and recommendations from the Dean of the Law School - - I still
only had one job offer late in the hiring process. While the
white male counter-parts (with lesser qualifications) had 2 or 3
Thank God for Affirmative Action! Today when people
oppose to affirmative action speak of it. . . they usually mean.
. quotas the use of absolute floors or ceilings for the selection
of women or minorities. Quotas are the least used and under
current law, they are permitted only under highly unusual
. . . but affirmative action is (and has always been) much
In addition to quotas, Affirmative Action includes:
preferences, goals/timetables, outreach/counseling and anti-
|allows the consideration of race,
sex, or ethnicity in making selections.
Preferences are used only under strict legal
guidelines when necessary to counteract the
effects of discrimination.
| established based on studies revealing
disparities between the race, sex, or
ethnicity of the available selection pool and
the persons actually selected.
|using targeted recruitment to
increase the pool of minority or women
applicants from which selections are
non-discrimination policies, such as
diversity training and anti- harassment
I have benefitted from all forms of Affirmative Action.
I do not suffer from stigma or shame. When white people look at
me and say " you are an affirmative action hire" my
answer is you are so right. . and aren't you ashamed that . . . a
person as talented, gifted and as qualified as my self . . .
still needs assistance to have access to jobs, and educational
opportunities." Aren't you ashamed . . . that African
Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans, and Asian
Americans are still limited in their access to jobs and education
solely because of the color of their skin".
As long as minorities aren't equitably represented in
education and on workforce we still need Affirmative Action. We
need Affirmative Action because of the continuing institutional
and individual racism