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Legal Prohibition

United States Report on Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination,
  Initial Country Report (Sept, 2000). 

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Vernellia R. Randall
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The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination Initial Report of the United States of America to the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination ( September 2000)


Since its Civil War, the United States has worked to develop the proper configuration of constitutional, statutory and voluntary cooperation to transform race relations from conditions of political and economic domination by the White, landed gentry to legal and actual parity for all U.S. residents. Because the relevant laws derive from specific historical and social circumstances over a lengthy period, they have taken shape in a manner which does not directly parallel the specific articles of the Convention. Moreover, some aspects of this body of law, and of the national political structure, caused the United States to condition its adherence to the Convention on a few precisely crafted reservations, understandings and declarations. Given these facts, it is useful to preface the discussion of the specific articles with the following background information.

A.   Prohibition of Racial Discrimination

Existing U.S. Constitutional and statutory law and practice provide strong and effective protections against discrimination on the basis of race, color, ethnicity or national origin in all fields of public endeavor and provide remedies for anyone who, despite these protections, becomes a victim of discriminatory acts or practices anywhere within the United States or subject to its jurisdiction. Especially since the landmark 1954 decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in Brown v. Board of Education, the notion of racial equality has been fundamental to the Constitutional and statutory law of the United States.

Constitutional Provisions
Federal Legislation
Federal Action and Racial Discrimination
State Anti-Discrimination Measures

Same level:
Introduction ] General Report ] [ Legal Prohibition ] U.S. Reservations, Understandings and Declarations ] Compliance with Specific Articles ] Article 1 - Racial Discrimination ] Article 2 ] Art 3 Condemn Racial Segregation and Apartheid ] Article 4 Eliminate Incitements or Acts of Discrimination ] Article 5 Equality Under the Law ] Article 6 Assure Effective Protection and Remedies ] Article 7 Adopt Measures ] Conclusion ]
Child Level:
Home ] Constitutional Provisions ] Federal Legislation ] Federal Action and Racial Discrimination ] State Anti-Discrimination Measures ]
Parent Level:
US CERD Report - Content ]
[Race and Racial Groups] [Citizenship Rights]  [Justice and Race] [Patterns of Basic Needs] [Intersectionality Issues] [Human Rights]

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Last Updated:
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Thanks to Derrick Bell and his pioneer work: 
Race, Racism and American Law