(b) Under Article 2(1)(b), States Parties undertake not to sponsor, defend or support racial discrimination by any person. Such conduct is strictly prohibited in the United States. The U.S. Constitution prohibits discrimination on the basis of race or other personal characteristics at every level of government (federal, state, and local). Several federal statutes, including Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, prohibit discrimination by state or local governments, or private entities, that receive federal financial assistance. Not only does the U.S. government not sponsor, defend, or support discrimination, but the Federal government is actively engaged in the enforcement of
anti-discrimination statutes against public and private entities in the areas of discrimination in employment, voting, housing and education.