Race, Racism and the Law 
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Overrepresentation in the criminal justice system

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  Initial Country Report (Sept, 2000). 

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Vernellia R. Randall
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 Overrepresentation in the criminal justice system. The majority of all federal, state and local prison and jail inmates in the United States today are members of minority racial or ethnic groups.

The incarceration rate for Blacks is 7.66 times that for Whites and approximately four times their proportion in society at large. While Blacks make up approximately 12.5 percent of the U.S. population, in 1997 approximately 47 percent of state prison inmates were non-Hispanic Blacks. While approximately 11.5 percent of the U.S. population is Hispanic, 16 percent of the state prison population is Hispanic. As of December 31, 1998, 57.8 percent of the total Federal inmate population was White (including White Hispanics), 38.9 percent Black, 1.7 percent Asian/Pacific Islander, and 1/6 percent Native American. Additionally, 30.3 percent of federal prisoners were identified as Hispanic (who can be of any race, though the overwhelming majority of Hispanics in the U.S. are classified as White for racial purposes). The reasons for these disparities are complex and disputed

 

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Equality Before Tribunals ] Discrimination by Law Enforcement ] [ Overrepresentation in the criminal justice system ] Disparities in Sentencing ] Capital Punishment ] Prisons ] Article 5(b) Security of Person ] Article 5(c) Political Rights ] Article 5(d) Other Civil Rights ] Article 5(e) Economic Social and Cultural Rights ] Article 5(f) Access to Public Accommodations ]
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Parent Level:
Introduction ] General Report ] Legal Prohibition ] U.S. Reservations, Understandings and Declarations ] Compliance with Specific Articles ] Article 1 - Racial Discrimination ] Article 2 ] Art 3 Condemn Racial Segregation and Apartheid ] Article 4 Eliminate Incitements or Acts of Discrimination ] Article 5 Equality Under the Law ] Article 6 Assure Effective Protection and Remedies ] Article 7 Adopt Measures ] Conclusion ]
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[Race and Racial Groups] [Citizenship Rights]  [Justice and Race] [Patterns of Basic Needs] [Intersectionality Issues] [Human Rights]
 

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Last Updated:
Friday, October 05, 2001  

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Thanks to Derrick Bell and his pioneer work: 
Race, Racism and American Law
(1993).