|China’s Report on US Human Rights Record in 200
Information Office of China's State Council
I. American Democracy - a Myth, Political Rights Infringed
By elevating itself to a model of democracy, the United States
continuously hawks American-style democracy to other countries. Under
the pretext of safeguarding this kind of democracy, the United States
continues to make rash criticism of other countries and interferes in
their internal affairs.
Nevertheless, well-informed people know that the so-called democracy
has been a myth since the United States was founded more than 200 years
ago. Political rights of the US citizens have long been infringed.
Although the US Constitution, adopted in 1787, stipulates the
citizen's right to vote, the right to vote for every American,
regardless of race, color or creed, was not implemented in law until 184
Owing to discrimination based on race, gender, property, education,
age and residency, the African Americans, women and American Indians as
well as roughly one-third of white American males were long deprived of
their legal right to vote. The African Americans, women and American
Indians gained voting rights in 1870, 1920 and 1948 respectively.
In addition, the voter eligibility limitations connected to property,
poll tax and low education levels were removed in 1856, 1964 and 1970
In 1971, nearly 200 years after the founding of the United States,
the federal legislature approved the 26th Amendment to the Constitution,
stipulating that age cannot be a legitimate reason for depriving any
American of his or her right to vote, and setting the legal voting age
at 18. This marked the beginning of universal voter's rights.
Although every American 18 or older is legally guaranteed the right
to vote, voter turnout in America has remained at a comparatively low
level. Since the beginning of the 20th century, the voter turnouts for
elections for the House of Representatives have been ranged between 30
and 60 percent.
Meanwhile, the highest voter turnout rate in the history of
presidential elections, which have been touted as major US political
events, stands at 65 percent.
Under US law, any presidential candidate who wins the majority of
votes wins the election. Over the years, President- elects only won 35
percent of all the electorate or less.
The voter turnout rate for the 1996 general election was only 49
percent, and only 25 percent of registered voters nationwide voted for
president. Thus, the results of US general elections has not represented
the will of the entire people or the majority.
The 2000 presidential election further exposed the inherent flaws of
the US electoral system.
The two candidates, separately representing the Democratic and
Republican parties, filed lawsuit after lawsuit on the counts and
recounts of ballots in Florida and engaged in non-stop partisan
Some organizations even issued commemorative coins for the election
turmoil. The 2000 general election was accompanied by civil
demonstrations and protests.
In line with the electoral system in the election law which has been
carried out for more than 200 years, electoral votes ultimately decide
which candidate will win.
The 50 million voters who cast ballots for president represented less
than one-fourth of the 205 million eligible voters nationwide, an
all-time low in US election history.
Since the right to vote is evidently meaningless to the majority of
eligible voters, the myth of American democracy was further exposed.
The Associated Press reported, "Some were shocked that a nation
often held as a model of democracy could also stumble."
American democracy has always been a game for rich people. In the
United States where politics is highly commercialized, any bidder for
official post needs to spend a significant amount of money to win. No
presidential or congressional candidate will go far without financial
The general election in 2000 cost about US$3 billion, 50 percent more
than that in 1996 and setting a record.
The congressional races in various states cost another US$1 billion.
While not forbidding political donations, US law sets upper limits on
donations from individuals to candidates, political commissions and
parties, but allows any amount of "soft" donations from
companies or trade unions to political parties.
The soft money collected by various parties and candidates in 2000
reached 648 million dollars, four times the amount of four years ago.
During the election campaign, at least 20 donors spent more than one
million dollars each. Actress Jane Fonda gave a US$12 million check for
supporting a new pro-abortion group.
According to an Associate Press analysis of Federal Election
Commission data which was released on November 9, 2000, 81 percent of
year 2000 Senate winners and 96 percent of House winners outspent their
The AP analysis found 26 of 32 Senate races and 417 of 433 House
races won by the candidate with the most money to spend as of October
18, the last date for which figures were available.
Larry Makinson, executive director of the Center for Responsive
Politics, a nonpartisan group that studies money and campaigns, said,
"The depressing thing about American democracy is I can check the
fund-raising balances at the Federal Election Commission and tell you
what the election results will be before the election. "
Thus, the key to American democracy is money, which directly impacts
the election results. A Spanish daily, El Mundo, referred to money as
the "cancer of American democracy." No other country has seen
cancer as disastrous as that in the United States, the newspaper said.
Freedom of the press in the United States is also influenced by
money. Wealthy people have the power to manipulate mass media, which can
serve as their mouthpieces.
If it can gain financially, the American establishment will turn a
deaf ear to international covenants. According to the International
Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, any dissemination on advocating
war or ethnic and religious hatred among peoples must be prohibited by
law in any country.
However, ignoring the international covenant and universal practice
in many countries, the United States has sold or allowed sales of Adolf
Hitler's "Mein Kampf" since 1933.
During World War II, the United States took in more than 20,000
dollars worth of tax from sales of the book. For the next 34 years, the
US Department of Justice collected taxes from book sales amounting to
After buying the book's copyright in 1979, the US publisher Houghton
Mifflin continued to sell the book. Experts estimated that the
publishing house has sold at least 300,000 copies, netting profits worth
between 300,000 and 700,000 dollars.