Just how emancipated are we white westerners? What is the acid test?
Electing a black man as President of the US, or smiling weakly at
the doctor who we have just been told is going to perform a complex
surgical manoeuvre on our heart and who turns out to be a big
hulking black man? I suspect many of us may be ready for the first,
but not so sure about the second. It doesn't seem that long ago that
flying to India I walked up to the cockpit to see if it really was
brown men flying that great big 747.
These days I fly all over Africa with all black crews and only worry
when Im in Nigeria, not because the pilots are black but because the
airline industry imposed no safety standards until recently.
Nevertheless, the fact that Barack Obama is now the frontrunner to
be the next President of the US is a remarkable historical event,
not just for him, not just for America, but for us, the white man,
who so long dominated the world and considered the black, yellow and
brown people as coons, niggers and boys.
It wasn't that long ago ~ maybe 30 years ~ that I was taken out to
lunch by the oped editor of the **New York Times** and she, well
aware of my close association with Martin Luther Kings movement from
the time when I had worked in the slums of Chicago as a volunteer,
asked me if I thought when you really got to know them if they were
really the same as us. It was working in Dr Kings movement that I
learnt what a combustible business race was ~ not just the reaction
of white Chicagoans when challenged, but the tensions within the
The white students who came to help were intent on living some kind
of idyllic multiracial life. But in the end their behaviour was
insulting, even overbearing. As Dr Alvin Pouissant,the psychiatrist
who was in charge of all the medical work in the civil rights
They were bent on showing how free they were around black people,
and would indulge in all manner of unconventional behaviour in the
Negro community which the black workers felt they would never dare
exhibit back home with their own kind.
As Stokely Carmichael pungently put it later: They were trying to
come alive through the black community. Many of the white student
volunteers, the girls in particular, seemed to believe they could
assuage the guilt of centuries by making themselves easily available
to black men. The white girls had what Poussaint graphically called
a White Africa Queen complex, openly flaunting their affairs.
Inevitably this brought out bitter resentment from the black girls.
Poussaint wrote: So much energy was expended by both black males and
females in discussing the problems created by white girls in
particular that on many days little project work was accomplished.
In addition it became clear that local black people were becoming
extremely frightened by inter-racial liaisons and thus frequently
refused to cooperate with the project work.
In May 1966, Stokely Carmichael was elected chairman of the student
wing of the civil rights movement. It was his call for Black Power
that split the civil rights movement down the middle. Yes, the young
wanted a more confrontational policy than Dr King, but a good part
of the resentment that blew up inside them had been fed by their own
humiliating experiences inside the movement. Ironically, in the
Obama campaign it is white women voters that are his main threat.
They vote in much larger numbers for Hillary Clinton .
Part of this phenomenon reminds me of my first visit to South Africa
in 1961 when I worked for a while in the ministry of agriculture.
The men, although illiberal by my lights, would think nothing about
having a social chat with one of their black colleagues, even a
beer. But their wives, if they heard about it, were enraged. How
could you...? Maybe this had something to do with the role of white
middle class women in those days. They were housewives and it is a
human trait that many of us need someone below us to intimidate in
order to feel secure. The men had their wives and their work, but
the wives only their servants. But it also has something to do with
a white womans suspicion that black men would like to take sexual
advantage of her ~a prejudice that has been instilled into women
over centuries and is only now evaporating as personal contact is
made at work and socially.
We whites are not quite there yet. But who would have dared say only
a generation ago that a presidential candidate in our lifetime would
be judged not by the colour of his skin, but by the content of his
character? Dr Kings dream HAS come true.