2/8/08 Mercury 38
THOUGH insisting race and gender have little to do with it, many Democrats
are supporting the US presidential candidate who looks most like them.
Super Tuesday polls showed clear racial and sexual divisions between backers
of the two candidates hoping for historic firsts: Hillary Clinton, seeking
to become the US's first female president, and Barack Obama, trying to
become the country's first black commander in chief.
Each campaign is working hard to lure the other's supporters. So far, Obama
seems to have outdone Clinton, making progress among whites and women since
this year's earlier contests, according to polls of people leaving voting
booths in this week's primaries.
That still leaves the two rivals with supporters who look different from
each other. Two-thirds of Clinton's supporters this week were white and
nearly as many were female, compared with just slightly over half for Obama.
That is an advantage for Clinton because whites and women dominate
Democratic voting -- 61 per cent of the party's Super Tuesday voters were
white and 57 per cent were female, the exit polls showed.
Seven in 10 Democrats said they would be happy if Clinton were the nominee
and a virtually identical portion said the same about Obama. But as the
party faithful mulled whether they would most like to make history by
putting the first woman or the first black man in the White House, some said
they felt pressure to conform.
Nicole Brown, a housewife from McDonough, Georgia, said she supported
Clinton, a New York senator, because she had more confidence in Clinton's
abilities and track record. She said sex and race were not factors in her
decision but she also said she had run into resistance.
``Even in talking to my parents, they're surprised,'' said Brown, 31 and
black. ``You feel like a sense of obligation, you're letting your race down.
But I'm not one to follow the masses, I follow my heart and my mind.''
Three in 10 blacks said race was an important factor in choosing a
candidate. About one in 10 whites said so. Most of those whites back
Clinton, while blacks considering race overwhelmingly backed Obama, the
Only one in five men and a quarter of women said they considered the
candidates' gender. Both groups voted mainly for Clinton.
``Most people don't care if the candidate is male or female, black or white
or pink,'' said James Richardson, 34, a white shop worker from California,
who supports Clinton. ``They just want concrete issues and the country going
back in a positive direction.''
In voting this week 53 per cent of both whites and females supported
Clinton, along with 63 per cent of Hispanics, to tip the balance her way in
states like California, New York and New Jersey.
Yet Obama and Clinton roughly split the white male vote, a group he had
trouble wooing in contests before former Senator John Edwards left the
presidential race last week. Obama also won more than four in 10 female
votes, including more than a third of white females.
Clinton could not claim she had seriously eroded any of Obama's
constituencies. He held on to eight in 10 black voters, including black
women -- a familiar pattern this year and a stark change from last year's
polls, which showed the two candidates usually splitting the black vote.
``Who'd have ever thought a female could be in the White House, and most
definitely who'd have ever thought an African American could be in the White
House,'' said Yulonda Howe, 47, a black Obama supporter from California.
``That's very important to me.''
Three in 10 Obama voters this week were black, compared with one in 20 of
Clinton's. He won three of the four states where at least a quarter of the
voters were black, prevailing in Alabama, Delaware and Georgia but losing
Blacks made up less than one in five voters nationally on Tuesday.
Clinton's strength has been among lesser-educated, lower-income Democrats,
while Obama has run stronger among those with college degrees and higher
earnings. The pattern plays out across race and gender, with Clinton doing
better among blacks and men with less education and Obama doing better among
Hispanics and women with college degrees.
Yet education has not been a strong enough force to break through the divide
Looking ahead to the general election, a poll in November by The Associated
Press and Yahoo News showed that 40 per cent of Republicans said they would
be reluctant to vote for a woman and 23 per cent for a black. Those results
could be skewed by their knowledge that Clinton and Obama are Democrats.