2008 Presidential Election, Race and Racism
Professor Vernellia Randall
Speaking Truth to Power!

Huckabee on Asian American Issues


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Asian  American Politics


See below for Huckabee's positions on:
- Affirmative Action and Quotas
- Asian Pacific Americans the candidate has hired, appointed
or supported for election
- Employment discrimination, glass ceilings
- Making English the official language of the U.S.
- Foreign Policy toward China, Taiwan, India
, Japan , Korea , Vietnam .   Missile defense system to protect Japan , Taiwan , or South Korea
- Hate Crimes.  Legislation increasing penalties for hate crimes.
- Immigration
- Voting rights and providing ballots in different languages. 

Affirmative Action and Quotas

2002 Arkansas Gubernatorial National Political Awareness Test Nov 1, 2002
No affirmative action for state contracts nor colleges
Q: Affirmative Action: Should race, ethnicity, or gender be taken into account in state agencies' decisions on:
Q: College and university admissions
A: No.
Q: Public employment
A: No.
Q: State contracting
A: No. 

Asian Pacific Americans the candidate has hired, appointed or supported for election

No info

Employment discrimination, glass ceilings 

No info

Making English the official language of the U.S.

Supports making English the official language
6/5/07 New York Times: Third G.O.P. debate: MR. BLITZER: I see people raising their hands. But the question was, I'd only like those to speak up who believe that English should not necessarily be the official language of the United States . Is there anyone else who stands with Senator McCain specifically on that question? (Huckabee does not respond)

Foreign Policy.  Like Americans of African, Cuban, Greek, Irish, Italian, Jewish, Mexican, and Polish descent, many APA's are interested in American foreign policy toward the country of their ancestors.

U.S. policy toward China and Taiwan

6/21/2006 press release, Office of the President, Republic of China , Taiwan President Chen Meets with Arkansas Governor Mike Huckabee
    President Chen Shui-bian met with Governor Mike Huckabee of Arkansas on June 21 at the Office of the President. 
    The president first thanked Governor Huckabee for supporting Taiwan . Under Huckabee's chairmanship, the US Council of State Governments passed a resolution in 2003 in support of Taiwan 's bid to become an observer in the World Health Assembly (WHA), which, together with the governor's letter of request to then US Secretary of State Colin Powell, later entailed the US voting in favor of Taiwan 's bid in the 2004 WHA meeting. 
    In addition, the Arkansas State Council passed a resolution last year in support of the signing of a Taiwan-US free trade agreement. 
    This was Governor Huckabee's fourth visit to Taiwan .

U.S. policy toward India

U.S. policy toward Japan

U.S. policy toward Korea

U.S. policy toward Vietnam

Missile defense system to protect Japan, Taiwan, or South Korea

Hate Crimes.  Legislation increasing penalties for hate crimes.


12/29/07 Wall Street Journal: “Huckabee Stirs Immigration Debate,”
by Laura Meckler
Pella , Iowa -- Republican presidential hopeful Mike Huckabee tried to link the crisis in Pakistan to the hot-button issue of immigration in the U.S. , as several presidential candidates pounced on the tragedy abroad in making their cases to Iowa voters.
    Mr. Huckabee, who has little foreign-policy experience as a former governor, suggested that instability following Benazir Bhutto's assassination should remind Americans of the many Pakistanis who try to illegally enter this country. Some of them, he said, may set out to harm to Americans.
    While seeking to tap into anti-immigration sentiment, Mr. Huckabee may also have sown new doubts about his expertise on global issues. He said incorrectly that more Pakistanis entered the U.S. illegally last year than did nationals of any other nation, save those from countries south of the U.S. In fact, the government apprehended more people from Canada , India and Poland than from Pakistan , the Congressional Research Service found.
    In Pella , Mr. Huckabee said he brought up immigration to link a tragedy halfway around the world to life in Iowa .
"A lot of Americans sitting in Pella , Iowa , maybe look halfway around the world and say, How does that affect me? The way it affects them is that we need to understand that violence and terror is significant when it happens in Pakistan . It's more significant if it could happen in our own cities," he said. "The unsecured borders that we have pose a real national security threat," he said.
On Friday, he suggested Pakistanis posed a particular threat. "In light of what happened in Pakistan yesterday, it's interesting that there were more Pakistanis who illegally crossed the border than of any other nationality except for those immediately south of our border," he said. He said 660 Pakistanis were caught trying to cross the border illegally last year.
    Mr. Huckabee said the numbers came from the Department of Homeland Security, and cited a 2006 Denver Post article on the period 2002-05. That article, however, didn't say Pakistan accounted for more of the people caught than any other non-Latin country. It gave a list of selected countries, of which Pakistan had the highest number.
    A report by the Congressional Research Service shows that 650 Pakistanis were apprehended at the border and all other ports of entry from 2002 to 2005. That compared with 5,641 people from Canada , 1,274 from India and 786 from Poland during that period.
    A day earlier, Mr. Huckabee had to clarify comments on a similar subject. On Thursday, he seemed to suggest martial law hadn't been lifted in Pakistan , when in fact it had been. He said later that he did not consider martial law lifted until all restrictions imposed on the press and on judges had been lifted.
    Friday, Mr. Huckabee also defended his ability to handle a crisis of this proportion. "The most important thing people need to know is that you have the judgment to be able to deal with the issues that confront you," he said.  

12/17/07 Wall Street Journal, Page A20: “Huckabee's Immigration Fumble,”
by Jason L. Riley
    When Mr. Huckabee was governor of Arkansas , he supported letting the children of illegal aliens, who met the same academic standards required of legal residents, apply for taxpayer-funded college scholarships.

12/10/2007 Miami Herald: “A softer tone in bilingual debate: GOP presidential candidates keep it polite and avoid confrontations on illegal immigration at a bilingual debate at the University of Miami ,”
by Beth Reinhard and Laura Figueroa
   Mike Huckabee, the one-time underdog rising in the polls, even struck a sympathetic note.
    ''When people come to this country, they shouldn't fear,'' the former governor of Arkansas said. ``They shouldn't live in hiding. They ought to have their heads up.''
    Huckabee didn't mention his plan released two days ago, which calls for deporting undocumented immigrants who don't return to their home country, fining employers who hire them, and building a fence along the Mexican border by 2010.
    Mitt Romney has been the most aggressive candidate on immigration, hammering Giuliani for overseeing a ''sanctuary city'' for undocumented workers when he was mayor of New York . Romney has also gone after Huckabee for backing college scholarships for the children of illegal immigrants. Romney did not revive either of those attacks in front of the crowd of 3,200 people and Hispanic television audience.

12/20/07 Associated Press: “Tancredo drops WH bid, endorses Romney,”
by Michael Crumb
    Des Moines, Iowa - Rep. Tom Tancredo, who built his longshot presidential campaign on opposition to illegal immigration, dropped out Thursday and endorsed Republican rival Mitt Romney as the best man to carry on the fight.
    Tancredo identified former Arkansas Gov. Mike Huckabee and Arizona Sen. John McCain as two Republican candidates whose records indicate they wouldn't be tough enough on immigration.
    He also said Huckabee's recent rise in the polls was a factor in his decision to drop out of the race.  

1/8/08 www.huckabee.com

The Secure America Plan 
A 9-Point Strategy for Immigration Enforcement and Border Security
Overview: Implement a broad-based strategy that commits the resources of the federal government to the enforcement of our immigration laws and results in the attrition of the illegal immigrant population.

1. Build the Fence 
Ensure that an interlocking surveillance camera system is installed along the border by July 1, 2010. 
Ensure that the border fence construction is completed by July 1, 2010. 

2. Increase Border Patrol
Increase the number of border patrol agents. 
Fully support all law enforcement personnel tasked with enforcing immigration law. 

3. Prevent Amnesty
Policies that promote or tolerate amnesty will be rejected. 
Propose to provide all illegal immigrants a 120-day window to register with the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services and leave the country. Those who register and return to their home country will face no penalty if they later apply to immigrate or visit; those who do not return home will be, when caught, barred from future reentry for a period of 10 years. 
This is not a "touchback" provision. Those who leave this country and apply to return from their home country would go to the back of the line. 

4. Enforce the Law on Employers 
Employment is the chief draw for most illegal immigrants and denying them jobs is the centerpiece of an attrition strategy. 
Impose steep fines and penalties on employers that violate the law. 
Institute a universal, mandatory citizenship verification system as part of the normal hiring process. 
Prevent the IRS and the Social Security Administration from accepting fraudulent Social Security numbers or numbers that don't match the employees' names.* 

5. Establish an Economic Border
Move toward passage of the FairTax. 
The FairTax provides an extra layer of security by creating an economic disincentive to immigrate to the U.S. illegally. 

6. Empower Local Authorities
Promote better cooperation on enforcement by supporting legislative measures such as the CLEAR Act, which aims to systematize the relationship between local law and federal immigration officials. 
Encourage immigration-law training for police. Local authorities must be provided the tools, training, and funding they need so local police can turn illegal immigrants over to the federal authorities. 

7. Ensure Document Security
End exemptions for Mexicans and Canadians to the US-VISIT program, which tracks the arrival and departure of foreign visitors. Since these countries account for the vast majority of foreigners coming here (85 percent), such a policy clearly violates Congress' intent in mandating this check-in/check-out system. 
Reject Mexico's "matricula consular" card, which functions as an illegal-immigrant identification card. 

8. Discourage Dual Citizenship
Inform foreign governments when their former citizens become naturalized U.S. citizens. 
Impose civil and/or criminal penalties on American citizens who illegitimately use their dual status (e.g., using a foreign passport, voting in elections in both a foreign country and the U.S.). 

9. Modernize the Process of Legal Immigration
Eliminate the visa lottery system and the admission category for adult brothers and sisters of U.S. citizens. 
Increase visas for highly-skilled and highly-educated applicants. 
Expedite processing for those who serve honorably in the U.S. Armed Forces. 
Improve our immigration process so that those patiently and responsibly seeking to come here legally will not have to wait decades to share in the American dream. Governor Huckabee has always been grateful to live in a country that people are trying to break into, rather than break out of. 

*This policy will be drafted to comply with the final federal court decisions on this issue. 

Note: This plan is partially modeled on a proposal by Mark Krikorian, Executive Director of the Center for Immigration Studies. ("Re: Immigration: Ten Points for a Successful Presidential Candidate," National Review, May 23, 2005.)


Voting rights and providing ballots in different languages. 


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