Lavender Mist #1
|Lavender Mist is an example of "action-painting". Pollock would throw, splatter, and dribble paint onto his canvas, allowing random motions to construct his art.||1950|
There has been a general tendency in Western music to restrict options for the performer, and to require more accurate performances. INDETERMINISM is a reaction to this, and follows traditions from other musics and other cultures. 20th century Indeterminism can be a result of actions made by chance (ALEATORY..."alea" is Greek for "dice") or choice (not by the composer). One of the first recognized composers of Indeterminate music was John Cage. Read more on the web about his most famous composition, 4'33" .
Certain Indeterminate features have always been a part of Western music. Performers are generally in control of dynamics, articulations, and tempi of older music, and improvisation has a long history, as in the creation of cadenzas. Whether by chance or choice, each performance of a piece of Indeterminate music will be different. The resulting performance is frequently a composition of great complexity, and this randomness can sound curiously like music produced with Total Serialism. In other words, although these styles could not be more different in concept, the end result can be surprisingly alike.
47.2 COMPOSERS ASSOCIATED WITH INDETERMINISM
47.3 MUSICAL ELEMENTS
Chance can be created by any random process, such as
Choices can be made by the performers or audience.
Elements that can be selected, either by chance or choice, include
See project for Texturalism.
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