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Race, Racism and the Law 
Speaking Truth to Power!

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NGO Forum, World Conference Against Racism, Racial Discrimination
Xenophobia and Related Intolerance, Durban, South Africa, August 27-Sept 1, 2001

This page is part of much larger document. Please be sure to read the Overview, the Declaration-Guiding Principles, Programme of Action-Guiding Principles, and Programme of Action - Legal Measures which provide the context for understanding this page. Click here to Download Word Document.




119. An intersectional approach to discrimination acknowledges that every person be it man or woman exists in a framework of multiple identities, with factors such as race, class, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, age, disability, citizenship, national identity, geo-political context, health, including HIV/AIDS status and any other status are all determinants in one's experiences of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerances. An intersectional approach highlights the way in which there is a simultaneous interaction of discrimination as a result of multiple identities.

Programme of Action

328. All parties to armed conflict are requested to abide by the rule laid down in the Rome Statute, and that States and the international community should commit to combat all forms of racial discrimination and violations of women's human rights especially during periods of armed conflict.

329. States are urged to conduct impartial and independent investigations and prosecutions of in relation to rape or other forms of gendered crimes during conflict.

330. Expose and document rape as a war crime; undertake research and information gathering as an instrument of the early warning system.

331. Education curriculum and armed forces (police) training to include: human rights training, the culture of peace and gender sensitivity.

332. Teaching materials to remove stereotypes and historical biases, and strengthen the teaching of the history of national and ethnic minorities, human migration, colonialism and women's human rights. Issues for women with disabilities should be included in public education to eliminate disability discrimination.

333. Promote programs which provide legal services to women and provide women with education on human rights.

334. States to prevent and stop violations of human rights violations against documented and undocumented migrants and migrant workers, including gender-based violence and human rights violations committed against women migrants and migrant workers.

335. Urge states, multinational corporations, international financial institutions and companies to prevent and eliminate racially discriminatory policies and practices, recognising the gender-differentiated experiences of women and girls in access to employment. Women with disabilities to be provided with appropriate health care services and respect while accessing reproductive health services.

336. Partial interpretation of traditional, social and cultural beliefs and the misuse of religious and traditional beliefs is the cause of racism, racial discrimination and related intolerance.

337. States to promote and protect the health rights of women and girls, and provide access to adequate maternal and reproductive health services, particularly women with disabilities.

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Persons with Disabilities ] [ Gender ] Sexual Orientation ] Young People - Children and the Girl Child ]
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Declaration - Guiding Principles ] Programme of Action - Guiding Principles ] Programme of Action - Legal Measures ] Victim Groups ] Intersectionality Issues ] Topical Issues ]
[Race and Racial Groups] [Citizenship Rights]  [Justice and Race] [Patterns of Basic Needs] [Intersectionality Issues] [Human Rights]

Always Under Construction!

Always Under Construction!
Copyright @ 1997, 1998, 1999, 2001. Vernellia R. Randall
All Rights Reserved.


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Saturday, August 03, 2002  

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Thanks to Derrick Bell and his pioneer work: 
Race, Racism and American Law