Race, Racism and the Law
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120. Globalisation including structural adjustment policies, privatisation, trade liberalisation and unequal terms of trade create new and exacerbate already existing conditions of exclusion of all individuals and communities, particularly women, who are the victims of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance.
121. We denounce processes of globalisation that concentrate power in the hands of powerful Western nations and multinational corporations, and that has an impact on every aspect of social life in every country and region, as racist and unjust. It widens economic inequalities within and between countries, further impoverishing and marginalizing masses of peoples, and places them at risk to the demand for cheap and informal labour in labour-importing countries. Tools of globalisation such as structural adjustment policies result in poverty, famine and the collapse of health and educational systems. Globalisation leads to economic and social disintegration, unemployment and marginalisation. It particularly implies both feminisation and racialisation of poverty. Compensatory measures must be extended in this context.
122. The processes of social exclusion that accompany globalisation create situations of polarisation that result in the disintegration of local communities and countries, sometimes leading to an increase in organised crime and ethnic conflicts.
123. Globalisation is the continuation of colonial and imperial control. It is inherently racist and anti-democratic, and creates a network of laws and policies that unevenly integrate the world through markets, trade, transnational corporations and information and communication technology.
124. The wealth and the power of globalisation is concentrated in the global capitalist class and is inherently linked to racism and casteism, including environmental racism, and leading to many different forms of violence, militarisation and nuclearisation of countries and cities. The UN itself is shaped by the same powers that control the process of globalisation.
125. New commodities, information and communication technologies that are apart ofglobalisation process increase the gap among "have" and "have nots", creating a free market for capitals and goods but restricting the movement of labour.
Programme of Action
338. We call upon the States to recognise that the exploitation of young peoples labour, particularly those from indigenous and ethnic minorities and immigrant groups is exacerbated by TNCs We urge States to protect their citizens by regulating these practices.
339. We insist that a code of conduct be developed and implemented to recognise the value of the contribution made by young people and to ensure the protection of their security and livelihood.
340. We note with concern the punitive reaction of many governments to the growing expression of community disquiet as to the discriminatory effects of globalisation and urge them instead to support a democratic and anti-racist globality. We urge States to ensure that their decision making processes in relation to these issues both take into account and are accountable to the communities that they represent.
341. We urge governments to take whatever steps are appropriate to ensure that the ownership of knowledge including territory medicines, biodiversity and culture by indigenous peoples is officially recognised. We call upon States to enforce and protect the intellectual property rights of indigenous peoples, especially where the appropriation of this knowledge and violation of these rights is an economic benefit to private organisations.
342. We urge States to recognise the racial dimension inherent in the unequal distribution of resources through the process of globalisation. The racial aspect of globalisation is experienced at international, national and local levels and requires organised preventative strategies at each of these levels.
343. We call upon the governments of the North to reinforce the means of financial aid to southern countries to devote a proper part of the aid to minority communities for their specific structural development and needs such as education, training, helath care and housing.
344. Support "humanitarian business" calling for the presence of trained persons in governmental and international institutions to enhance "corporate social responsibility".
Race, Racism and American Law (1993).