Ten Ideas for Social Justice
in A Time of Crisis
Loyola Law School
last revised 10-9-01
"You are all traitors and should be put in jail!"
That is what a well-dressed woman in her 40s shouted, as she walked
out of church, at those of us walking into Loyolaís Peace Quad. Wow!
Is it so threatening to hold a candlelight interfaith march for peace?
Apparently it is. For columnists or writers that might make a good
story. For those of us who are trying to work with people to change
hearts and minds by organizing for social justice, this woman is an
indicator that things have changed.
I write to share ten ideas about social justice organizing in this
time of crisis. I was asked to talk about this and I will. I do not
suggest I have the blueprint for this task. As far as I can tell, nobody
does. But I will share with you my reflections on this and I welcome
Before September 11, many of us were already working on social
justice issues. For example, I was working with groups that organizing
around issues of living wages, labor organizing in the hotel industry,
voting rights in our state redistricting process, the destruction of
public housing, welfare reform, civil liberties, immigration, national
and international human rights, prison reform, peace issues, public
education, and criminal justice. All of those issues are still
After September 11, I have been fortunate enough to work with many
people who are organizing around a just response to the terrorism which
has so wounded our country.
In my experience, and the experience of hundreds of others that I
have spoken with, our world is a different place since September 11.
This is true for everyone but it is particularly true for the world of
people working for peace and justice. Those of us who are working for
justice and peace face many new issues, and some old ones, in the days
Psychologically, the tragic events of September 11 reverberate in all
our minds on both a conscious and an unconscious level. People are
having a difficult time concentrating on their work. Teachers tell me
that students have lost their focus. The people we work with in peace
and justice organizing are as overwhelmed and as in shock as everyone
else in our country. Someone has described these events as always
present background noise. People have less energy to go to meetings and
to volunteer for social justice issues. Others have said these events
are present like deep bass sounds that you can feel more than hear. But,
however you describe them, these experiences are in the forefront of
many of our issues and in the background of all of our issues.
Economically, the damage which was already beginning before September
11 has accelerated. Tens of thousands of people have lost their jobs,
many others are having their work schedule reduced. As in all economic
distress, the working poor are being hurt the most. For peace and
justice organizations, fund-raising has been put on the back burner in
order to allow people to address the immediate hardships caused by the
Politically, justice and peace issues have been submerged as elected
officials and the media spend less time on any issues other than those
directly related to terrorism and war. Conservatives call us traitors
and America-haters if we dare to go beyond condemnation of the
injustices of the terrorists. People who condemn the terrorists but also
suggest we examine the justice and peace issues in our own country and
in our own international behavior, and people that say we should
seriously consider responses other than military responses, are
un-American, evil, unpatriotic, or even, as Rush Limbaugh said,
communists! (I wonder what exactly does it take to be a communist today,
when it seems even the communists are not communists? I will leave that
to another discussion.)
It is a different world, clearly. But, at the same time, many justice
and peace issues remain the same.
The most vulnerable direct victims of the September 11 terrorist
attacks are single parent families, those without insurance and pension
plans and union support. The first victims of the economic
reverberations after September 11 have also been the working poor: the
last hired, the least skilled, the least educated, the least organized.
The first political victims in our country have been the Arab and
Islamic Americans, who have been subjected to racial profiling, threats,
assaults and even death.
But there is good news as well. The American people have responded
with tremendous generosity to the victims of the terrorists. Our
firefighters and police and rescue workers have given all of us
inspiration as they courageously and selflessly worked to help all our
people in distress. It is a tribute to the progress of those who have
labored so hard for civil rights that our president and most of our
public officials have called for religious, racial and ethnic tolerance.
It is a tribute to those who have labored for peace, that the initial
calls for horrific and indiscriminate retaliation of anyone even in the
vicinity of terrorists have been declining.
Because our world is both quite different and yet in some ways the
same, what are we to do as social justice organizers?
I suggest ten principles to guide us as we work in our new landscape.
But first, a note of caution. Each of these principles must be
implemented in ways that reflect our commitment to justice and peace. If
we do not organize intelligently and in an anti-racist way, as my friend
Ron Chisom likes to say, "we will not be organizing, but
disorganizing." Simply said, there is no shortcut. We cannot
organize for peace and justice if we do not model peace and justice in
Here are the ten principles.
#1 Be Humble
We must start by being humble. It is ok to say "I donít know
the answer." In fact, it might be the smartest thing to say. Nobody
has been here before. So none of us know exactly what to do. That said,
we cannot allow ourselves to be paralyzed into inaction.
#2 Be Quiet and Listen
Donít talk, listen. This doesnít work for television or
columnists, but if you believe in real organizing, you should believe
that people possess an innate wisdom. We must listen to the people for
insight and wisdom. The people help us discover the way for all of us to
There are times when we must resist the quick response. There are
times, as peace activist Daniel Berrigan said, when we should say,
"Donít just do something, stand there!"
As an example, when you find yourself in a suddenly darkened room,
what do you do? While some might rush blindly to where they think the
door is, others stand still, gather themselves, let your eyes get
adjusted to the different environment, orient themselves, then
cautiously and sensitively, move forward.
Listening is part of our orientation. We listen to pick up clues from
our fellow seekers about what is the best path, the best next step.
#3 Be Not Afraid
Courage is critical. There is a concerted effort to try to intimidate
and silence people interested in justice and peace. Conservatives
challenge the patriotism of all who dare to examine and question the
root causes of why all that America does is not universally admired.
Conservatives are setting up cardboard liberals who excuse the
terrorists, hate America, do not support democracy, and are just as
intolerant as Jerry Falwell. Columnists equate pacifism with treason and
evil. Those who call for nonviolence or even an international police
action are not supporting the Commander in Chief, the troops, and the
families of the victims of September 11. Workers who have struck for
economic justice since September 11 have been attacked and called
selfish and not patriotic.
If working for peace and justice does not meet some conservativeís
narrow definition of patriotism, then they have created too weak a form
of patriotism. By that definition, Sojourner Truth was not a patriot,
Abraham Lincoln was not a patriot, Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt are
not patriots, and Martin Luther King was not a patriot. I want to be
what they are. If they do not meet someoneís definition of patriot,
then I am not interested. True patriotism should allow an appreciation
for both what is great about our country and what we need to work to
improve. We cannot allow anyone to silence the voices of peace and
justice, even if they try to silence them with flag-waving.
We would do well to remember the agonizing efforts of those who
fought against slavery, who fought for civil rights, who fought for the
right to organize, and who fought for the rights of freedom of speech.
Those were tough and scary fights, but there were successes even in the
face of fear.
Peace and justice organizers have to maintain courage despite the
ongoing attempts to intimidate and silence.
#4 Rediscover the Community of Social Justice and, by all means,
Welcome New Seekers
Prior to September 11, our peace and justice communities were
separate efforts. The people organizing around welfare reform worked
apart from those organizing against the death penalty. People working on
living wages were isolated from those working on voting rights and
When times get tough, they are tougher when you are alone. It is time
to re-connect our justice and peace organizing. As members of a
community we are much stronger and wiser than when we are alone.
When the peace community organized a vigil in New Orleans four days
after September 11, over 200 people showed up. After the vigil, almost
everyone there said, "It was so good to be among people who were
interested in peace, because I have been feeling so alone and
There are also new members in the peace and social justice community:
many new people, many young people. We must welcome them and learn from
Not all the new arrivals have been welcomed with open arms by the
existing peace and justice community. Some new people say the wrong
things. Others do things that are hurtful or disruptive. But, even then,
the last thing veteran organizers need to tolerate are efforts to
marginalize or attack new folks for their newness and lack of
sophistication. There are criticisms that the new people are innocents
or naive or ill-informed or un-analytical. They are criticized for
proceeding in a way that does not take into account...take your pick:
racism, feminism, homophobia, they are too interested in religion, or
not interested enough in nonviolence, etc.
I say welcome the new people. Learn from them. Be infected by their
enthusiasm. Join with them. Share with them. Donít preach at them.
Work with them. Help them discover the knowledge that others have
learned the hard way. Certainly people have much to learn from people
already in social justice work.
We must clearly understand that these new people have much to teach
us as well. To go forward in these new times, we need to link up with
each other in respectful ways that model the just and peaceful community
we seek to organize.
#5 Faith-based Social Justice
There has been an upsurge in people seeking consolation and
leadership and direction from their churches. The religious community
has a big opportunity as people search for new meaning: linkages between
faith and justice and peace. Some churches have spoken eloquently about
peace and justice issues. Connecting with faith-based social justice
people and organizations represents an opportunity at this time.
For social justice organizing, there is an important distinction to
be made between faith traditions and churches. In my experience, all
faiths place justice and peace and sacrifice and respect and the common
good at the very center of their beliefs. The problem is that many
churches preach and practice a very weak form of their faith. They
de-emphasize the justice and peace demands of their faith traditions.
Work for social justice is replaced by church tithing. Working for peace
is replaced by supporting the church school or church suppers. The faith
which is meant to afflict the comfortable and comfort the afflicted,
weakly ends up comforting the comfortable.
We need to work with people whose interests in justice and peace are
faith-based. We also need to challenge our church leaders, who tend to
mute the justice issues in order to accommodate their congregations. We
also, of course, need to respect all varieties of faiths and we need
to make sure that the faith-based folks respect those whose dedication
to peace and justice is not faith-based.
#6 Prepare for, and Forgive, Mistakes
Any time we try anything new we are going to make mistakes. That is
the essence of living a challenging life. Since this is a new
environment in which we are organizing, we will make mistakes. We would
be smart to be prepared for our mistakes and also be prepared to forgive
well-intentioned people who make them.
Some of the most venomous and counter-productive criticism of social
justice organizing comes from others of us in the same field. We savage
each other in ways that Rush Limbaugh and the Wall Street Journal could
only dream of.
We need not overlook mistakes. We need to be prepared to learn from
them. But we also need to be prepared to support those of us who make
them. This is part of the social justice obligation that we owe each
#7 Study History
We need to study and understand history, real history, not the myths
spun out by the talking heads on tv.
Those who say that in time of crisis, Americans always gather around
our leaders do not know the richness of our history. Those who say we
historically suspend all questioning of injustice in our country during
time of crisis, do not know our history.
A real look at our history will show that while many have exclusively
rallied round the flag in times of crisis, many others have maintained
their commitments to peace and justice, even in times of crisis. There
were demonstrations and draft resistance and even riots among poor and
working class men in connection with every war ever fought. In every war
some people said "Not in my name."
As Tim Rutten and Lynn Smith said recently in the Los Angeles Times,
"Political dissent in wartime is an American tradition."
As part of our understanding of history, we must see the legacy of
the civil rights and peace movements already at work in our midst. While
some official crazies like our own Rep Cooksey (Diaper and fan belt
comment) and Jerry Falwell (gays and lesbians and abortionists and the
ACLU and people for the American way) have been hatefully shameful, it
is remarkable that numerous officials and leaders have tried to deter
hate crimes against Arab or Islamic Americans. Also, the widespread
support for saturation-type bombing, even nuclear responses, has seemed
to diminish considerably.
We need the historians in our communities to help us re-discover the
justice and peace realities of our history, particularly in times of
#8 Speak to Shared Values
Part of our challenge as organizers is to communicate. In this time,
when there is so much official communication about "either you are
for our war or you are for terrorism" we need new ways to talk.
I strongly suggest every person interested in social justice
organizing look at the web site of the group, We Interrupt This
That organization assists progressives in dealing with the media. This
discussion of the principle of speaking to shared values is taken
largely from materials from their website.
In order to communicate, our organizing and media messages should
respond to questions that speak to values central to both the peace and
social justice movement and the majority of the general public: Thus,
"How can we hunt down the terrorists" can be recast as
"How can we be safe?" "How do we protect America"
can be "How can we be strong?" Instead of "How can we
wipe these fanatics out?" we can discuss "How can we arrive at
justice?" Safety, Strength, Respect for Human Life, and Justice are
all values shared by the peace and social justice movement and the
majority of the North American public. And our communication and media
messages should be framed as answers to these questions. For example,
the courage and sacrifice and discipline of the rescue workers shows us
a wonderful model for discussing the importance of courage and sacrifice
in working for justice and peace.
#9 Make the Social Justice Issue Connections
The current crisis allows us an opportunity to show that all justice
is one. Racial profiling of Middle Eastern and Muslims has to be fought
as part of the ongoing struggle against racism, even in the peace
movement itself. Racism is like being in the Mississippi river, if you
are not actively struggling against the current, you are drifting along
with it. The rally in DC was called ANSWER, Act Now to Stop War and End
Racism. War and racism were linked in their minds for a reason. Martin
Luther King spoke about the three evils of racism, militarism, and
materialism, for a reason. Attempts to blame these tragedies on Islam,
Muslims, Arabs, Jews, liberals, and gays and lesbians show us the need
to stand up for the civil and human rights of all people. Generous and
fair compensation for victims of terrorism is absolutely the right
national response to the tragedies. This can lead to further discussion
of the national struggle for just and fair reparations for
African-Americans and local calls for assistance to residents of public
housing who have been displaced by the demolition of their homes.
Congressional assistance for airline industry of $15 billion that
leaves out 100,000 workers shows the need to support the struggle of
workers for union organizing, the right to a job and the search for a
living wage. Those who call for revenge and eye for an eye blind
retaliation remind us of the need to struggle against the human rights
violations of the death penalty in our own country. All of sudden the
USA is interested in international coalitions. This is a startlingly new
focus. We even paid our UN dues! Now, we are all in this world struggle
against terrorism together. We are for human rights everywhere.
Wonderful. What can we learn from the struggles of our international
sisters and brothers? What does the international dimension say to our
issues like the death penalty? Environmental justice? Worker justice?
Civil rights and civil liberties? Current developments give us the
opportunity to connect the justice issues that are so visible and
popular with the ones that are less visible but no less important.
#10 Reconsider Strategies & Go Steadily Forward
I donít know how many of you have had your car stuck in the mud or
the snow. I have been stuck in both. When your car is stuck in the mud
or snow, often the best response is not to just smash down harder on the
accelerator. But I am afraid that many of us are trying to do just that
at this point.
Many on the right and left are saying, "Now more than
ever....[whatever they said before September 11]." Well, why?
Really ask the question, why? We must challenge ourselves to not just
knee jerk say what we said
before, but to thoughtfully respond to the question, why?
If our only response to the events of September 11 is to do what we
did before that, but only harder, I think we will waste a lot of energy.
We have to thoughtfully and humbly reconsider our strategies and develop
some new ones. Otherwise we will just remain stuck.
These are my thoughts. They may not ring true to others. They may not
even prove true to me in the days ahead. But I suggest we resume
reflecting, thinking, acting, and organizing in new ways to make social
justice a reality.
We may never persuade the woman who called us traitors, but if we can
work effectively on social justice issues, we can do our part to make
this world a better place for her and for us.